Cryptocurrency Fundamentals

Module 2: Types of cryptocurrencies and their similarities to other assets

In this module, you will become acquainted with the main types of cryptocurrencies, learn about their differences from one another, and explore their common traits with other assets.


Today, there are thousands of cryptocurrencies, but they can all be divided into four main categories: Bitcoin, altcoins, stablecoins, and tokens.

Bitcoin – the first cryptocurrency and coin that is distinguished in a separate category, as it cannot be classified into other categories.

Altcoins – all other cryptocurrencies. Many of them differ only slightly from Bitcoin. However, some altcoins have significant improvements and unique features.

Stablecoins – a subset of altcoins that typically have a stable price pegged to a fiat currency, and their value is supported by real-world assets or algorithmic methods.

Tokens do not have their own blockchain and exist on other networks. They serve as a "wrapper" and represent assets from the real world, such as tokenized real estate.

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